Difference between revisions of "Typology"

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<blockquote>"Science of classifying stone tools by form, techniques and technological traits. Must include duplication of the technique by first observing the intentional form, then reconstructing or replicating the tool in the exact order of the aboriginal workman. Shows elements of culture. Typology cannot be based on function." (Crabtree 1982:57<ref name="Crabtree 1982">Crabtree, Don E. 1982 An Introduction to Flintworking. Occasional Papers of the Idaho Museum of Natural History 28.</ref>) </blockquote>
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<blockquote>"Science of classifying stone tools by form, techniques and technological traits. Must include duplication of the technique by first observing the intentional form, then reconstructing or replicating the tool in the exact order of the aboriginal workman. Shows elements of culture. Typology cannot be based on function." (Crabtree 1982:57<ref name="Crabtree 1982">Crabtree, Don E. 1982 An Introduction to Flintworking. Occasional Papers of the Idaho Museum of Natural History 28.</ref>)</blockquote><blockquote>''Typology is the science of artefact types. The purpose of the typological method is to classify artefacts into groups or series based on similarity in shape, size, technique, decoration/style, use or other special traits. On the basis of this similarity a conclusion can be reached concerning the development and relationship between artefacts (Østmo og Hedeager 2006; Fagen 1996).'' </blockquote>
Common typological categories include:  
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''<br>Below you will find a typological overview of some of the most common lithic tools Stone Age, with special emphasis on Scandinavia tool types. <br>Common typological categories include:''
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
*Axes
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===== Choppers and cleavers  =====
*Burins
 
*Cores
 
*Daggers
 
*Handaxes
 
*Micro-burins
 
*Microliths
 
*Piercers/Borers
 
*Projectile points
 
*Scrapers
 
*Sickles
 
  
Other:  
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see [[:Choppers and cleavers|main article]]&nbsp;
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===== Handaxes  =====
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see [[:Handaxes|main article]]&nbsp;
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===== Scrapers <br> =====
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See [[:Scrapers|main article]]&nbsp;
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===== Projectile points  =====
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See [[:Points|main article]]
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===== Denticulates (and notches)<br> =====
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see [[:Denticulates|main article&nbsp;]]<br>
 +
 
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===== Piercers and borers  =====
 +
 
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see [[:Piercers and borers|main article]]<br>
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===== Burins  =====
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A burin is a tool which can take many forms but all are made by the burin blow technique. This has been defined as the action of making the ´sides´ of a burin. See [[:Burins|main article&nbsp;]].<br>
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===== Axes  =====
 +
 
 +
see [[:Axes|main article]] <br>
 +
 
 +
===== Microliths  =====
 +
 
 +
see [[:Microliths|main article]]<br>
 +
 
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===== Sickles&nbsp;  =====
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 +
see [[:Sickles|main article]]<br>
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===== Daggers  =====
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 +
see [[:Daggers|main article]]<br>
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<br>
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=== Other: ===
  
 
*Knapping tools  
 
*Knapping tools  
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*Amber artefacts
 
*Amber artefacts
  
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<br>
  
 
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= References =
= References =
 
  
 
<references />
 
<references />

Latest revision as of 13:08, 3 March 2010

"Science of classifying stone tools by form, techniques and technological traits. Must include duplication of the technique by first observing the intentional form, then reconstructing or replicating the tool in the exact order of the aboriginal workman. Shows elements of culture. Typology cannot be based on function." (Crabtree 1982:57[1])
Typology is the science of artefact types. The purpose of the typological method is to classify artefacts into groups or series based on similarity in shape, size, technique, decoration/style, use or other special traits. On the basis of this similarity a conclusion can be reached concerning the development and relationship between artefacts (Østmo og Hedeager 2006; Fagen 1996).


Below you will find a typological overview of some of the most common lithic tools Stone Age, with special emphasis on Scandinavia tool types.
Common typological categories include:


Choppers and cleavers

see main article 

Handaxes

see main article 

Scrapers

See main article 

Projectile points

See main article

Denticulates (and notches)

see main article 

Piercers and borers

see main article

Burins

A burin is a tool which can take many forms but all are made by the burin blow technique. This has been defined as the action of making the ´sides´ of a burin. See main article .

Axes

see main article

Microliths

see main article

Sickles 

see main article

Daggers

see main article


Other:

  • Knapping tools
  • Net sinkers
  • Amber artefacts


References

  1. Crabtree, Don E. 1982 An Introduction to Flintworking. Occasional Papers of the Idaho Museum of Natural History 28.