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"Science of classifying stone tools by form, techniques and technological traits. Must include duplication of the technique by first observing the intentional form, then reconstructing or replicating the tool in the exact order of the aboriginal workman. Shows elements of culture. Typology cannot be based on function." (Crabtree 1982.57)

Common typological categories include:

  • Axes
  • Burins
  • Cores
  • Daggers
  • Handaxes
  • Micro-burins
  • Microliths
  • Piercers/Borers
  • Projectile points
  • Scrapers
  • Sickles


  • Knapping tools
  • Net sinkers
  • Amber artefacts