Bridging differing perspectives on technological platforms

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Toward an integrative framework

Economics: double-sided markets, coordinating different types of actors, typically developers and end users. Competition both on and between platforms

Engineering design: technological architectures for innovation.

Conceptualized as evolving meta-organizations that:

  1. federate and coordinate constitutive agents who can innovate and compete
  2. create value by generating and harnessing economies of scope in supply or/and in demand
  3. entail a modular technological architecture composed of a core and a periphery

Classification system for variety of organizational forms: within firms, across supply chains, and across industry innovation ecosystems.

Applied to derive a simple model highlighting patterns of interaction between platform innovation and competition, yielding hypotheses that could be tested empirically in the future