Difference between revisions of "CINCH Recommended Knowledge"

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(Optional Topics (5 cu))
(Optional Topics (5 cu))
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#[[Mandatory Topic 1 (for MSc degree)|Radioactivity, radionuclides and radiation]] – principles of nuclear physics for radiochemists
#[[Optional Topic 1 (for MSc degree)|Chemistry of the nuclear fuel cycle]]
#[[Optional Topic 1 (for MSc degree)|Chemistry of the nuclear fuel cycle]]
#Radiopharmaceutical chemistry
#Radiopharmaceutical chemistry

Revision as of 07:11, 21 September 2012



Cooperation in education in nuclear chemistry) - http://cinch-project.eu/

The following minimum recommended curriculum for a MSc in radiochemistry was put together by the CINCH collaboration and presented at the NRC8 conference in Como, Italy, in September 2012.

In the following, minimum requirements for nuclear and radiochemistry teaching in the European
universities are outlined for MSc level. The plan is intended to form a basis for European master’s
degree in nuclear and radiochemistry (or European master's degree in chemistry - specialization in
nuclear and radiochemistry). The status of the degree can be granted on the basis of mutual
agreement with participating universities or by a decision of an external body such as EuCheMS.
Teaching can consist of lecture and laboratory exercise modules as well as of exams.

Structure of MSc programme on nuclear and radiochemistry (NRC)

  • BSc in chemistry 180 cu
  • Mandatory studies on nuclear and radiochemistry 25 cu
  • (of which at least 10 cu exercises)
  • Optional studies on nuclear and radiochemistry 5 cu
  • Project work and master’s thesis in nuclear and radiochemistry 30 cu
  • Other studies rest
  • In total 300 cu

Mandatory Topics

Mandatory studies on nuclear and radiochemistry (25 cu):

  1. Radioactivity, radionuclides and radiation – principles of nuclear physics for radiochemists
  2. Radiation safety (radiological protection)
  3. Detection and measurement of radiation
  4. Chemistry and analysis of radionuclides
  5. Nuclear reactions and production of radionuclides
  6. Exercises (laboratory and calculation exercises) (at least 10 cu)

Optional Topics (5 cu)

Optional studies consist of several (3-5 cu each) modules on various application fields of nuclear
and radiochemistry. Examples of such courses are given below. The fields of the courses are
recommended to closely link with the actual research field/s of the unit giving the teaching so that
the teaching and research are closely connected and best available researchers are giving the courses at their specialty areas. If possible the courses may also contain laboratory exercises.

  1. Chemistry of the nuclear fuel cycle
  2. Radiopharmaceutical chemistry
  3. Environmental radioactivity – radioecology
  4. Chemistry of actinides and transactinides
  5. Chemistry of radionuclides in geosphere related to final disposal of spent nuclear fuel or
    high-level waste
  6. Nuclear and radioanalytical methods

Chemistry of the nuclear fuel cycle
- uranium ores
- extraction of uranium from ore minerals
- mill tailings and their disposal
- purification of raw uranium products
- enrichment of 235U
- production of uranium fuel for power reactors
- use on uranium fuel in power reactors
- power reactor types
- water chemistry of nuclear power reactors
- types of nuclear waste and their formation processes
- management and final disposal of nuclear waste
- reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel
- decommissioning of nuclear facilitities
- behaviour of nuclear waste in geological final repositories
8. Radiopharmaceutical chemistry
- production of radionuclides
o in cyclotrons
o in nuclear reactor
o with radionuclide generators
o radionuclidic purity
o target chemistry
- radiopharmaceutical chemistry
o types of organic molecules and other compounds to be labeled
o labeling chemistry of 11C
o labeling chemistry of 18F
o radioiodinations (123I and 124I)
o labeling chemistry of metal radionuclides (68Ga, 111In, 64Cu, 99mTc)
o radiochemical purity
- quality control and regulatory issues
- PET and SPECT imaging
o instrumentation
o pharmacokinetics and modeling
- applications in
o diagnostics (oncology, cardiology, neurology and psychiatry, gene expression and
cell trafficking)
o drug development
o medical research
o therapeutics

9. Environmental radioactivity – radioecology
- description of environmental compartments (geosphere, biosphere, atmosphere)
- sources of radionuclides in the environment
o natural
o artificial
- behaviour of radionuclides in
o the air
o natural waters
o soils and sediments
o biota
- speciation and tracer techniques
- mobility and bioavailability studies
- environmental impact and risk assessment
- transfer processes of radionuclides in the environment and in food chains
- modelling of transfer processes
- countermeasures and preparedness
10. Chemistry of actinides and transactinides
- natural actinides
- production/formation of actinides in nuclear explosions, nuclear reactors and accelerators
- electronic structure
- ionic radii
- oxidation state
- major chemical forms
- disproportionation
- hydrolysis and polymerisation
- complex formation
- oxides and other important compounds
- chemistry of U, Th, Np, Pu and Am
- speciation of actinides
- separations
o analytical
o industrial (PUREX etc)
- production of transactinides - extension of the periodic table
- chemical properties of the transactinides
11. Chemistry of radionuclides in geosphere related to final disposal of spent nuclear fuel or
high-level waste
- management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF)
- reprocessing of nuclear fuel, production of high-level waste (HLW)
- encapsulation of SNF/HLW
- geological disposal of SNF/HLW
- dissolution/leaching of radionuclides from SNF/HLW
- forms of radionuclides in SNF/HLW
- forms of dissolved radionuclides in the repository environment
- analytical methods for radionuclide speciation
- functions and long-term behaviour of buffer materials (e.g. bentonite)
- migration of radionuclides in geosphere
- sorption of radionuclides in minerals
- diffusion of radionuclides into geological matrix
11. Radiation chemistry
- Irradiation methods
o Types of irradiation sources and devices
o Dosimetrics
o Effects of irradiation geometry, thickness of the target etc.
o Use of data basis and related computer programmes
- Reactions in radiation chemistry in various materials
o Basic reactions, formation of intermediates, excited states, ions, electrons and
o Reaction of intermediates, formation of stable products
o Radiation chemical yields
o Kinetics of radiolysis
o Reactions in water and water solutions, polymers, metals, nuclear fuel, nutrients,
cells etc.
- Analytical methods used in radiation chemistry
- Application of radiation chemistry
o radiation sterilization of medical equipment
o radiation sterilization of food stuffs
o polymerization and polymer functionalization
o etc.
12. Nuclear and radioanalytical methods
- Radioimmunoassay (RIA)
- Neutron activation analysis (NAA) – instrumental and radiochemical
- Isotope dilution analysis
- Radiodating methods (14C-dating, 210Po-dating etc.)
- Radiometric titration
- Use of nuclear and radioanalytical methods in industry