Difference between revisions of "Mandatory Topic 1 (for MSc degree)"

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– principles of nuclear physics to radiochemists<br>
 
– principles of nuclear physics to radiochemists<br>
  
<br>
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Return to: [[CINCH Recommended Knowledge|Overview of Minimum Requirments]]
  
 
=== Aim  ===
 
=== Aim  ===
  
To teach NRC students the basic knowledge in nuclear physics in order to understand the nature<br>of radioactivity, reasons for stability/instability of nuclides, modes of radioactive decay<br>processes, types of radiation emitted in radioactive decay processes and the rate of radioactive<br>decay
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To teach NRC students the basic knowledge in nuclear physics in order to understand the nature<br>of radioactivity, reasons for stability/instability of nuclides, modes of radioactive decay<br>processes, types of radiation emitted in radioactive decay processes and the rate of radioactive<br>decay  
 
 
  
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=== Suptopics  ===
 
=== Suptopics  ===
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*types and origin of radionuclides (natural decay series, primary primordial radionuclides,<br>secondary natural radionuclides, cosmogenic radionuclides, artificial radionuclides,<br>formation and occurrence)  
 
*types and origin of radionuclides (natural decay series, primary primordial radionuclides,<br>secondary natural radionuclides, cosmogenic radionuclides, artificial radionuclides,<br>formation and occurrence)  
 
*stability of nuclei (stable nuclides vs. radionuclides, masses on nucleons, mass deficiency,<br>binding energy, binding energy per nucleon, proton to neutron ratio, energy valley –<br>semiempirical equation of mass – beta parabola, fission, fusion)  
 
*stability of nuclei (stable nuclides vs. radionuclides, masses on nucleons, mass deficiency,<br>binding energy, binding energy per nucleon, proton to neutron ratio, energy valley –<br>semiempirical equation of mass – beta parabola, fission, fusion)  
*modes of radioactive decay
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*modes of radioactive decay  
** fission (process, spontaneous vs. induced, energetics, formation of fission products, fission yields, fissionable/fissile, nature of fission products)
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**fission (process, spontaneous vs. induced, energetics, formation of fission products, fission yields, fissionable/fissile, nature of fission products)  
** alpha decay (process, energetics, alpha recoil, decay to daughter’s ground state, decay to daughter’s exited state, formation of alpha spectrum)
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**alpha decay (process, energetics, alpha recoil, decay to daughter’s ground state, decay to daughter’s exited state, formation of alpha spectrum)  
** beta decay (processes in beta minus decay, positron decay and electron capture, energetics, beta recoil, neutrino/antineutrino, distribution of decay energy, formation of beta spectrum, beta parabola for odd/even nuclides, secondary processes (gamma decay, formation of Auger electrons and X-rays, annihilation of positrons)
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**beta decay (processes in beta minus decay, positron decay and electron capture, energetics, beta recoil, neutrino/antineutrino, distribution of decay energy, formation of beta spectrum, beta parabola for odd/even nuclides, secondary processes (gamma decay, formation of Auger electrons and X-rays, annihilation of positrons)  
** internal transition (gamma decay, internal conversion, energetics, gamma recoil,<br>metastable isomeric states, formation of gamma spectrum)<br>- rate of radioactive decay, half-life, activity units, activity concentrations vs. specific activity,<br>activity vs. count rate, determination of half-lives, equilibria in successive decay processes<br>- isotopic exchange - isotope effects<br>- principles and uses of nuclear power reactors<br>
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**internal transition (gamma decay, internal conversion, energetics, gamma recoil,<br>metastable isomeric states, formation of gamma spectrum) - rate of radioactive decay, half-life, activity units, activity concentrations vs. specific activity, activity vs. count rate, determination of half-lives, equilibria in successive decay processes - isotopic exchange - isotope effects - principles and uses of nuclear power reactors
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==== Teaching Material from NukWik  ====
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*The Chart of the Nuclides - [[Problem set 1|Problem set 1]] - [[Solutions 1|Solutions 1]]
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*Mother-Daugther Relations and Equilibrium - [[Problem set 2|Problem set 2]] - [[Solutions 2|Solutions 2]]
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*Amount of Radioactive Material (number of nuclei, number of moles, weigth) and the Law of Radioactive Decay - [[Problem set 3|Problem set 3]] - [[Solutions 3|Solutions 3]]
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*Mass, Binding Energy and the Liquid Drop Model - [[Problem set 4|Problem set 4]] - [[Solutions 4|Solutions 4]]
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*[[Basic Laboratory Procedures for Radiochemistry]]
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*[[Introduction to Radiochemistry - Counting statistics|Introduction to Radiochemistry]]
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*[[Radionuclide Generator]]
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*[[Naturally Occuring Radioactivity - NORM and TENORM]]
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[[Category:MSc]][[Category:Basics]][[Category:Teaching]][[Category:CINCH]][[Category:Minimum_requirement]]

Latest revision as of 15:39, 21 September 2012

Radioactivity, radionuclides and radiation

– principles of nuclear physics to radiochemists

Return to: Overview of Minimum Requirments

Aim

To teach NRC students the basic knowledge in nuclear physics in order to understand the nature
of radioactivity, reasons for stability/instability of nuclides, modes of radioactive decay
processes, types of radiation emitted in radioactive decay processes and the rate of radioactive
decay


Suptopics

  • structure of atom and nucleus, nucleons
  • nuclides, radionuclides, isotopes, isobars, nuclide charts
  • types and origin of radionuclides (natural decay series, primary primordial radionuclides,
    secondary natural radionuclides, cosmogenic radionuclides, artificial radionuclides,
    formation and occurrence)
  • stability of nuclei (stable nuclides vs. radionuclides, masses on nucleons, mass deficiency,
    binding energy, binding energy per nucleon, proton to neutron ratio, energy valley –
    semiempirical equation of mass – beta parabola, fission, fusion)
  • modes of radioactive decay
    • fission (process, spontaneous vs. induced, energetics, formation of fission products, fission yields, fissionable/fissile, nature of fission products)
    • alpha decay (process, energetics, alpha recoil, decay to daughter’s ground state, decay to daughter’s exited state, formation of alpha spectrum)
    • beta decay (processes in beta minus decay, positron decay and electron capture, energetics, beta recoil, neutrino/antineutrino, distribution of decay energy, formation of beta spectrum, beta parabola for odd/even nuclides, secondary processes (gamma decay, formation of Auger electrons and X-rays, annihilation of positrons)
    • internal transition (gamma decay, internal conversion, energetics, gamma recoil,
      metastable isomeric states, formation of gamma spectrum) - rate of radioactive decay, half-life, activity units, activity concentrations vs. specific activity, activity vs. count rate, determination of half-lives, equilibria in successive decay processes - isotopic exchange - isotope effects - principles and uses of nuclear power reactors


Teaching Material from NukWik