Difference between revisions of "Measurements and Calculations (Introduction to Radiochemistry)"

From mn/safe/nukwik
Jump to: navigation, search
(Background)
Line 8: Line 8:
 
==== Background  ====
 
==== Background  ====
  
Note down the values from the background counting you started the day before.<br> Counting number N<sub>bck</sub>= &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; counts<br> Counting time t<sub>bck</sub>= &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; sec<br> Counting speed <math>\frac{N_{bck}}{t_{bck}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{cps}</math> <br> Standard deviation <math>\frac{\sqrt{N_{bck}}}{t_{bck}}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{cps}</math><br>  
+
Note down the values from the background counting you started the day before.<br> Counting number N<sub>bck</sub>= &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; counts<br> Counting time t<sub>bck</sub>= &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; sec<br> Counting speed <math>\frac{N_{bck}}{t_{bck}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{cps}</math> <br> Standard deviation <math>\frac{\sqrt{N_{bck}}}{t_{bck}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{cps}</math><br>
  
 
==== Counting Efficiency  ====
 
==== Counting Efficiency  ====

Revision as of 07:54, 3 July 2012


Return to Main

Which detector did you use?

Background

Note down the values from the background counting you started the day before.
Counting number Nbck=              counts
Counting time tbck=              sec
Counting speed [math]\frac{N_{bck}}{t_{bck}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{cps}[/math]
Standard deviation [math]\frac{\sqrt{N_{bck}}}{t_{bck}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{cps}[/math]

Counting Efficiency

Do a one minute count on every shelf. Use these measurements to calculate the counting-efficiency of the GM-detector in %, for 234mPa. The activity of the sample can be calculated from the amount of UO3 used.

Counting number for each shelf (CPM) Counting Efficency
1
2
3
4

Twenty Measurements with Constant Distance from the Source

Do twenty measurements lasting for one minute with the source in the same position. Calculate the standard deviation and complete the table:

Nr [math]N_{P}\,[/math] [math]N_{P}-\overline{N}[/math] [math]\left(N_{P}-\overline{N}\right)^{2}[/math]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
SUM: SUM:



Mean value of the counting numbers
[math]\overline{N}=\frac{\sum N_{P}}{20}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{counts}[/math]
The squere of the mean value [math]\sqrt{\overline{N}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}\mbox{counts}[/math]
Standard deviation [math]S_{N}=\sqrt{\frac{\left(N_{P}-\overline{N}\right)^{2}}{19}}=\underline{\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,}[/math]
Discuss the results from [math]S_{N}\,[/math]and [math] \sqrt{\overline{N}}[/math]?

Assessment of the Results




Write down the given measurements and calculate how many % of the countings that are outside of the intervals <N-SN,N+SN and <N-2SN,N+2SN>:

[math]\overline{N}[/math] [math]\sqrt{\overline{N}}[/math] [math]N\pm S_{N}[/math] [math]N\pm 2S_{N}[/math]









Is there, in your opinion, to many single measurements outside of the given areas? Give a answer based on statistical normal distribution.