# Difference between revisions of "Solutions 4"

From mn/safe/nukwik

(Created page with "'''1: '''<br>Mass excess is given by deltaM(Z,A) = M(Z,A)-A. The masses can therefore be found with M(Z,A) = delta M (Z,A ) + A by using 1 u = 931.5 MeV we get:<br> *M(n) = 1.00...") |
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− | '''1: '''<br>Mass excess is given by deltaM(Z,A) = M(Z,A)-A. The masses can therefore be found with M(Z,A) = delta M (Z,A ) + A by using 1 u = 931.5 MeV we get:<br> | + | '''1: '''<br>Mass excess is given by deltaM(Z,A) = M(Z,A)-A. The masses can therefore be found with M(Z,A) = delta M (Z,A ) + A by using 1 u = 931.5 MeV we get:<br> |

− | *M(n) = 1.008665 u | + | *M(n) = 1.008665 u |

− | *M(1H) = 1.007825 u | + | *M(1H) = 1.007825 u |

− | *M(4He) = 4.002603 u | + | *M(4He) = 4.002603 u |

− | *M(56Fe) = 55.934938 u | + | *M(56Fe) = 55.934938 u |

− | *M(142Ce) = 141.909244 u | + | *M(142Ce) = 141.909244 u |

*M(238U) = 238.050788 u | *M(238U) = 238.050788 u | ||

− | #The most stable nuclei is <sup>56</sup>Fe. It has the highest binding energy compared to the number of nucleons. | + | #The most stable nuclei is <sup>56</sup>Fe. It has the highest binding energy compared to the number of nucleons. |

− | #1.00 kg <sup>2</sup>H is 496.5 mol by fusion 248,2 mol <sup>4</sup>He is created which is 993.6 g. The difference in mass is equal to the energy 1000 g-993.6 g = 6.36 g. The energy is then 5.7 <math>\cdot</math>10<sup>14</sup> J, 3.56 <math>\cdot</math> 10<sup>27</sup> MeV or 1.59 <math>\cdot</math>10<sup>8</sup> kWh. | + | #1.00 kg <sup>2</sup>H is 496.5 mol by fusion 248,2 mol <sup>4</sup>He is created which is 993.6 g. The difference in mass is equal to the energy 1000 g-993.6 g = 6.36 g. The energy is then 5.7 <math>\cdot</math>10<sup>14</sup> J, 3.56 <math>\cdot</math> 10<sup>27</sup> MeV or 1.59 <math>\cdot</math>10<sup>8</sup> kWh. |

− | #1.00 kg <sup>233</sup>U fission to <sup>92</sup>Rb, <sup>138</sup>Cs and three neutrons. The mass difference is 0.785 g. Which gives 7,1<math>\cdot</math>10<sup>13</sup> J, 4.40 <math>\cdot</math>10<sup>26</sup> MeV or 1.96<math>\cdot</math>10<sup>7</sup> kWh. | + | #1.00 kg <sup>233</sup>U fission to <sup>92</sup>Rb, <sup>138</sup>Cs and three neutrons. The mass difference is 0.785 g. Which gives 7,1<math>\cdot</math>10<sup>13</sup> J, 4.40 <math>\cdot</math>10<sup>26</sup> MeV or 1.96<math>\cdot</math>10<sup>7</sup> kWh. |

#The energy from the fission is distributed in different ways: most of it goes to the kinetic energy of for the fission products. Other parts goes to the kinetic energy of the neutrinos and the neutrons, and some of it goes to “prompt” gamma-rays and beta/gamma rays from the fission products. | #The energy from the fission is distributed in different ways: most of it goes to the kinetic energy of for the fission products. Other parts goes to the kinetic energy of the neutrinos and the neutrons, and some of it goes to “prompt” gamma-rays and beta/gamma rays from the fission products. | ||

+ | <br> | ||

+ | '''2: '''<br> | ||

− | + | binding energy B per nucleon:<br> | |

− | + | <span style="font-weight: bold;"><math>\frac{B}{A}=\frac{Z\cdot M(^{1}H)+N\cdot M(^{1}n)-M(A,Z)}{A}=</math></span><br> | |

− | binding energy B per nucleon:<br> | ||

− | |||

− | <math>\frac{B}{A}=\frac{Z\cdot M(^{1}H)+N\cdot M(^{1}n)-M(A,Z)}{A}= | ||

− | |||

− | |||

<br><br> | <br><br> |

## Revision as of 16:14, 18 June 2012

**1: **

Mass excess is given by deltaM(Z,A) = M(Z,A)-A. The masses can therefore be found with M(Z,A) = delta M (Z,A ) + A by using 1 u = 931.5 MeV we get:

- M(n) = 1.008665 u
- M(1H) = 1.007825 u
- M(4He) = 4.002603 u
- M(56Fe) = 55.934938 u
- M(142Ce) = 141.909244 u
- M(238U) = 238.050788 u

- The most stable nuclei is
^{56}Fe. It has the highest binding energy compared to the number of nucleons. - 1.00 kg
^{2}H is 496.5 mol by fusion 248,2 mol^{4}He is created which is 993.6 g. The difference in mass is equal to the energy 1000 g-993.6 g = 6.36 g. The energy is then 5.7 10^{14}J, 3.56 10^{27}MeV or 1.59 10^{8}kWh. - 1.00 kg
^{233}U fission to^{92}Rb,^{138}Cs and three neutrons. The mass difference is 0.785 g. Which gives 7,1 10^{13}J, 4.40 10^{26}MeV or 1.96 10^{7}kWh. - The energy from the fission is distributed in different ways: most of it goes to the kinetic energy of for the fission products. Other parts goes to the kinetic energy of the neutrinos and the neutrons, and some of it goes to “prompt” gamma-rays and beta/gamma rays from the fission products.

**2: **

binding energy B per nucleon: