# Difference between revisions of "Theory for the Szilard-Chalmers Reaction"

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In 1934 L. Szilard and T. A. Chalmers showed that when Ethyliodide is irradiated with thermal neutrons, a large fraction of the radioactive nuclei created in the process will be present as free iodine atoms or iodine ions. | In 1934 L. Szilard and T. A. Chalmers showed that when Ethyliodide is irradiated with thermal neutrons, a large fraction of the radioactive nuclei created in the process will be present as free iodine atoms or iodine ions. | ||

− | The bond breakage can typically lead to the following reacions: | + | The bond breakage can typically lead to the following reacions: |

− | '''''< | + | '''''<b>Failed to parse (syntax error): 1) \quad C_2H_5 \, ^{127}\!I + ^{128}\!I \rightarrow C_2H_5 \cdot + ^{127}\!I \cdot + ^{128}\!I \cdot \\</b>''''' |

− | C_2H_5 \cdot + ^{127}\!I \cdot + ^{128}\!I \cdot \\</ | + | |

+ | '''''''<math>1) \quad C_2H_5 \, ^{127}\!I + ^{128}\!I | ||

+ | \rightarrow C_2H_5 \cdot + ^{127}\!I \cdot + ^{128}\!I \cdot</math> | ||

'''''<math>2) \quad ^{127}\!I \cdot + ^{128}\!I \cdot \rightarrow | '''''<math>2) \quad ^{127}\!I \cdot + ^{128}\!I \cdot \rightarrow | ||

^{127}\!I ^{128}\!I</math>''''' | ^{127}\!I ^{128}\!I</math>''''' |

## Revision as of 14:28, 14 November 2012

As is shown in the discussion of recoil energies in thermal n-capture reactions, chemical bounds can be broken due the recoil energy caused by the prompt γ-emission. This will lead to the creation of free radicals, which is very reactive. Therefore, a long list of new componds can be formed during n capture.

In 1934 L. Szilard and T. A. Chalmers showed that when Ethyliodide is irradiated with thermal neutrons, a large fraction of the radioactive nuclei created in the process will be present as free iodine atoms or iodine ions.

The bond breakage can typically lead to the following reacions:

**Failed to parse (syntax error): 1) \quad C_2H_5 \, ^{127}\!I + ^{128}\!I \rightarrow C_2H_5 \cdot + ^{127}\!I \cdot + ^{128}\!I \cdot \\**

''