Bridging differing perspectives on technological platforms
Toward an integrative framework
Economics: double-sided markets, coordinating different types of actors, typically developers and end users. Competition both on and between platforms
Engineering design: technological architectures for innovation.
Conceptualized as evolving meta-organizations that:
- federate and coordinate constitutive agents who can innovate and compete
- create value by generating and harnessing economies of scope in supply or/and in demand
- entail a modular technological architecture composed of a core and a periphery
Classification system for variety of organizational forms: within firms, across supply chains, and across industry innovation ecosystems.
Applied to derive a simple model highlighting patterns of interaction between platform innovation and competition, yielding hypotheses that could be tested empirically in the future